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How do Electric Cars Work | Main Components of Electric Car

In today’s time, due to the rising prices of petrol and CNG, everyone’s eyes are on the option of electric cars. The popularity of electric vehicles is increasing day by day, so let us know how electric vehicles take you from one place to another. As manufacturing costs for electric cars fall and charging infrastructure improves, electric vehicles (EVs) are among the first to avoid skyrocketing prices of petrol, diesel, and gas or reduce their environmental impact. Likes are being made. But how do those electric cars actually work? Let’s know!

Maruti 800 Electric Car Model, Feature, Specification, Price, etc.

Electric vehicles (EVs) are a growing industry. The global number of electric vehicles on the road is projected to increase from 8 million in 2019 to 50 million by 2025 and closer to 140 million by 2030. Many major automotive manufacturers are adapting to selling EVs.

Electric vehicles are similar to diesel and petrol-powered cars. Some models also have non-functional fake grills. But the real difference between EVs and petrol-diesel-powered cars lies under the hood.

Electric Vehicle Parts

Electric vehicles have no engine, radiator, carburetor, or spark plugs. Where there is usually an engine, some electric vehicles have a front trunk. Electric vehicles (EVs) may operate differently from conventional vehicles, but they have a similar system.

  • Motor
  • fuel source
Source: LinkedIn

EV Exhaust System

Often people or new drivers are curious about how much vibration or noise an electric vehicle makes. This can be gauged from the fact that when an electric vehicle stops at an intersection, only the control panel lights up to let drivers know it is still on. With zero tailpipe emissions, electric vehicles help mitigate one of the major causes of climate change.

EV Batteries

EV batteries store energy which helps in driving the vehicle. The battery is actually a pack of several small lithium-ion battery modules, which themselves are composed of individual battery cells (about the size of an AAA battery). These batteries are connected together in an electrical circuit to provide maximum power in the most efficient manner.

The battery is one of the most expensive parts of an electronic vehicle, so much work is being done on the technology of the battery, which can reduce the cost of the most expensive part of the electric vehicle and also the energy density of the battery. is being extended.

One danger of lithium-ion batteries is “thermal runaway”, which can lead to fire. To prevent this, the battery pack is cooled with a thermal management system and a protective cover.


In an electric vehicle, a motor converts electricity into mechanical energy. When electricity is sent from the battery to a stationary part of the motor (stator), it creates a magnetic field that causes the rotating part (rotor) to rotate.

The spinning rotor creates mechanical energy that uses gears to spin the car’s wheels. The more power, the faster the rotor spins, and since there is no shift between gears in electric vehicles, the smoother the transition between acceleration and deceleration.

While petrol or gas-powered car may have only one combustion engine, an electric vehicle may have multiple motors, which operate independently. A dual motor vehicle has one motor for starting and stopping city driving and another motor (often called an induction motor) for driving at high speeds.

How to Drive an Electric Car

The difference between electric and gas-powered cars affects the way they are driven, fueled, and maintained.


Electric vehicles are known for their quick-of-the-block acceleration and instant forward propulsion.

Torque is the force that produces rotation in a car’s motor. Since gasoline or petrol engines start at low rpm and run through a gear shift, it takes a while for them to reach maximum torque.

Whereas in an electric vehicle, the maximum torque is reached immediately when the accelerator is pressed. Some electric vehicles have the highest 0-60 acceleration, which is especially useful when entering highways, crossing slow-moving vehicles, and avoiding accidents.


When a driver applies the brakes in an electric vehicle, “regenerative braking” draws energy from the vehicle’s motion. This power is sent back to the battery, so no energy is wasted.

Driving in regenerative braking mode means that every time you take your foot off the accelerator, the vehicle slows down faster than a petrol or gas car. Regenerative braking allows for “one-pedal driving”, where the brake pedal is used less.


An EV, with the largest, bulky batteries that are at the base of the EV, will have a lower center of gravity than gas cars. This improves its handling around corners and in slippery road conditions. This makes rollovers less frequent, improving the safety of the car.


Even the fastest charging electric vehicles take longer than what it takes to fill a tank of petrol or gas. However, 80 percent of EV charging is done overnight at home, similar to the way we charge phones, so the charging speed is great for long-distance trips and for those not charging at home. much more relevant.

Source: The Economics Time

Electric Vehicle Repair

Electric vehicles are more like a computer on wheels than mechanical devices. Like digital device makers, some EV manufacturers send out over-the-air software updates to improve the efficiency of their vehicles or to add new features. This not only increases the life of the vehicle but also reduces its operating expenses.

Even when drivers don’t try, electric vehicles keep getting better and more efficient. This means that electric cars can increase in value over time and improve their stability.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. How many types of electric vehicles are there?
There are generally four categories of EVs:

  1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs), which are fully electric;
  2. Hybrid (HEV), plugless cars equipped with batteries and fuel tanks;
  3. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), the midpoint between a hybrid and an electric vehicle;
  4. hydrogen electric vehicles (fuel cells) are unusual vehicles that run on hydrogen.

2. Where can you charge an electric car?
Electric cars can be charged at home (even using just a standard 120-volt outlet) or at public charging stations.

3. How often do electric cars need to be charged?
Most electric vehicles can go 250 to 350 miles on a single charge and must be charged continuously from 20 percent to 80 percent. While many people charge their cars at night, this is more frequent according to some experts who say that charging too often can shorten the life of the battery.

4. How long do electric cars last?
Electric cars are so new to the mainstream that it’s hard to say how long they last. In general, they are meant to last 10 to 20 years.

Hope you liked this post of ours and if you have any questions related to this post then you can ask us by commenting in the comment box below and also give your suggestions.

Anas Saifi
Anas Saifi
Hi Friends My name is Anas Saifi. My Age is 23 Years. And currently, I am living in New Delhi, India. I am a Graduate of B.VOC (Software Development0 at Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Shakarpur Delhi. I have a few years of experience in web development and I also work on the Fiverr platform. I have 2-3 happy buyers. Currently, I running 2-3 blogs on WordPress. My goal is to achieve 100k traffic per month.


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